Myxedema is the condition of the advanced hypothyroidism.

This is the condition when thyroid gland does not produces enough thyroid hormones.

Myxedema occur when hypothyroidism is not treated and it advances along with the time.

Causes of Myxedema 

  • When condition of hypothyroidism increases with the time it gives life threatening symptoms and body is not able to tolerate and requires immediate medical need.
  • An autoimmune disorder Hashimoto's diseases leads to hypothyroidism.
  • Any kind thyroid cancer that leads to hypothyroidism.
  • Any kind of pathological infection to the thyroid glands results in to the hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of Myxedema

Hypothyroidism is the condition that leads to severe symptoms that affects the whole of the metabolism of the body.

Symptoms of Myxedema

  • Psychological disorders 
  • Anxiety
  • Swelling on the face, eyelids
  • Low blood pressure
  • Lethargy and weakness
  • Respiratory problems
  • Low body temperature
  • Cold intolerance
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Irritability
  • Skin infections
  • Hair loss or brittle hair
  • Brittle nails
  • Stress or mood disorders
  • Coma and death
Myxedema can leads to death of the person in severe complications such as respiratory failure, bleeding or infection, decrease in blood pressure.

Diagnosis of Myxedema

Myxedema occurs after long period of hypothyroidism crisis. 
Diagnosis is based upon the symptoms of the body.
  1. Blood testing - blood testing give confirmation regarding the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
  2. Ultrasonography of the abdomen for any kind of metabolic changes in major abdomen organs kidney, liver, intestine.
  3. CT scan in nervous system disorder.

Treatment of Myxedema

Treatment of hypothyroidism involves medications, diet modifications, and life style changes.

  • Medications includes levothyroxine a synthetic version of T4 hormone.
  • Healthy diet full of multivitamins and calcium.
  • Physical exercises to be started which increases the proper blood supply and oxygen demand of the body.
  • Meditations and yoga therapy gives good results in endocrine diseases.
  • Hypothyroidism can be controlled if diagnosed on time and but in elderly people can have severe symptoms and can be fatal to the life if not treated on time.

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